英语中remain的用法

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英语中remain的用法

  remain作为不及物动词,有两种意思,但都不能用进行时态,也没有被动语态,下面就remain作动词时的用法进行总结说明,大家一起来看看。

  主题:

  内容:

  提交人:

  sisiWu

  时间:

  8/7/2005 15:43:15

  主题:

  内容:

  remain用作不及物动词,意为"剩下、留下、呆在",相当于stay。如:

  When the others had gone, Joan remained (=stayed) to clean the room. 别人走了,琼留下来清扫房间。

  Only a few leaves remained (=were still) on the tree. 树上只剩下几片叶子了。

  The Smiths remained there all through the year. 史密斯一家人在那里呆了整整一年。

  The soldiers were ordered to remain where they were. 士兵们接到命令呆在原地。

  注意: "呆在那里"可以说remain / stay there, 但"呆在家里"只能说stay (at) home remain作连系动词,意为"一直保持,仍然处于某种状态中", 后可接多种成分作表语。

  1) 接名词作表语

  Peter became a manager but John remained a worker. 彼得当上了经理,但约翰仍然是一个工人。

  Their marriage remains a secret. 他们的婚姻仍然是个秘密。

  2) 接形容词作表语

  Whatever great progress you have made, you should remain modest. 无论你取得了多么大的进步,你都应一直保持谦虚。

  The shop remains open until 11 at night. 这个商店一直营业到晚上十一点。

  3) 接过去分词作表语,表示主语所处的状态或已经发生的被动动作。如:

  They never remained satisfied with their successes. 他们从不满足于自己的成绩。(表主语所处的状态)

  They remained locked in the room. 他们仍然被锁在房子里。(已经发生的被动动作)

  4)接现在分词作表语,表示正在进行的主动动作。如:(商盟百科网chnore.com)

  The guests came in, but she remained sitting at the desk reading. 客人进来了,但她仍然坐在桌旁看书。(正在进行的"主动动作)

  They remained listening. 他们一直在听。

  5) 接不定式作表语,表示将来的动作。如:

  This remains to be proved. 这有待证实。(将来被动动作)

  Whether it will do us good remains to be seen. 这是否对我们有好处,还要看一看。

  请看2002年的高考题:

  Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains whether they will enjoy it.

  A. to see B. to be seen C. seeing D. seen

  6) 接介词短语作表语

  I have remained in touch with the Greens for more than 10 years. 我和格林一家保持了十多年的联系。

  He had to remain in hospital until he was better. 他不得不住院,直到身体好转。

  注意:

  ① remain 作名词时,表示"剩余物",一般用其复数形式。如:

  The remains of a meal can be given to a pig. 残汤剩饭可以喂猪。

  They found some remains of the Tang Dynasty. 他们发现一些唐代遗物。

  ② remaining 是形容词,意为"剩余的",常作前置定语;而left则只能作后置定语。如:

  There are only 5 books left. 只剩下五本书了。

  He bought me a gift with the remaining money. 他用剩余的钱给我买了一件礼物。

  remain的用法总结

  remain的释义

  n.剩余物,残骸;残余;遗迹;遗体

  v.仍然是;保持不变;剩余;遗留;继续存在;仍需去做(或说、处理);第三人称单数:

  remains现在分词:remaining过去式:remained过去分词:remained

  remain的用法

  1.用作不及物动词

  They went, but I remained.(商盟百科网chnore.com)

  他们走了,但我留了下来。

  Hell remain to accompany you.

  他将留下来陪你。

  A number of problems remain to be solved.

  有很多问题尚待解决。还有一项更艰苦的工作需要我们做。

  2.用作系动词

  They remained good friends.

  他们仍然是好朋友。

  He will always remain a shining example for us all.

  他永远是我们学习的光辉榜样。

  His face remained expressionless.

  他的脸上仍然毫无表情。

  In spite of the danger they remained calm

  .尽管有危险,但他们一直保持冷静。

  We must always remain modest and prudent.

  我们要经常保持谦虚谨慎。

  He remained hanging in midair, saved by the belt.

  他悬在空中,被安全带救了。

  He remained unbending under the severest of tortures.

  他受尽酷刑,仍然坚贞不屈。

  remain的常用短语

  用作动词(v.)

  remain away (v.+adv.)

  remain behind1 (v.+adv.)

  remain behind2 (v.+prep.)

  remain in1 (v.+adv.)(商盟百科网chnore.com)

  remain in2 (v.+prep.)

  remain of (v.+prep.)

  remain on1 (v.+adv.)

  remain on2 (v.+prep.)

  remain out (v.+adv.)

  remain together (v.+adv.)

  remain under1 (v.+adv.)

  remain under2 (v.+prep.)

  remain up (v.+adv.)

  remain的用法例句

  1. The price of oil should remain stable for the rest of 1992.

  油价会在1992年剩下的时间里保持稳定。

  2. Itd be better for a place like this to remain closed.

  像这种地方最好一直关闭。

  3. The $40 million-a-month aid payments will remain on ice.

  每月4,000万美元的援助款项将继续搁置下去。

  4. Major questions remain to be answered about his work.

  关于他工作的许多重要问题仍然悬而未决。

  5. In absolute terms British wages remain low by European standards.

  根据欧洲标准,英国工资的绝对值依然很低。

  6. The editors decision is final and shall evermore remain so.

  编辑的决定是最终性的,而且应该永远不会改变。

  7. Unless these questions are solved, the region will remain a powder keg.

  除非这些问题得到解决,否则该地区会一直是个火药桶。

  8. Currency-conversion costs remain one of the biggest obstacles to cross-border trade.

  货币兑换成本仍是跨境贸易的最大障碍之一。(商盟百科网chnore.com)

  9. To remain together was like volunteering to be flayed alive.

  再要呆在一起就好像自愿被活活剥皮一样。

  10. Many academics remain unconvinced of the need for change.

  许多学者仍怀疑是否有变革的需要。

  11. These resorts, like Magaluf and Arenal, remain unbeatable in terms of price.

  像马加拉夫和阿雷纳尔这样的度假胜地,在价格方面仍具有绝对的优势。

  12. Social security law and procedure remain a jungle of complex rules.

  有关社会保障的法律和程序仍旧是个充满错综复杂的规则的危险领域。

  13. He will have to remain in hospital for at least 10 days.

  他至少得在医院里呆10天。

  14. Passport checks will remain the first line of defence against terrorists.

  护照检查仍将是对付的第一道防线。

  15. He is to remain in the hot seat as chief executive.

  他将继续留在公司总经理这个不好坐的位子上。

  remain专项练习

  The lady said she would buy a gift for her daughter with the ________.

  A. 20 dollars remained B. remaining 20 dollars

  C. remained 20 dollars D. 20 dollars to remain

  答案:B

  提示:

  根据句意可知是用“剩下的二十美元”,排除A,应该是20 dollars that remained,排除C,表示“剩余的”应该用remaining,排除D,with the 20 dollars to remain意思是“留下二十美元”,与句意不符。remain还可用作系动词,“仍然;依然”,后跟形容词、名词、副词作表语。

英语中remain的用法


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